Ammonia nitrogen dynamics in aquaculture

Claude E. Boyd, Ph.D.

Understanding the fate of aquafeeds and environmental waste loads The major sources of ammonia in aquaculture ponds are fertilizers and feeds, and problems with high ammonia are most common in feed-based aquaculture. Ammonia nitrogen consists of ammonia (NH3) and ammonium (NH4+), but methods of measuring ammonia nitrogen concentration do not distinguish between the two forms.…

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  • Claude E. Boyd, Ph.D.

    Claude E. Boyd, Ph.D.

    School of Fisheries, Aquaculture and Aquatic Sciences
    Auburn University
    Auburn, Alabama 36849 USA