Since biogenic amines are a health issue in seafood, harvesters and processors should understand what conditions encourage their formation, where they form in fish, and how they are affected by bacterial flora.
In Indonesia, shrimp farming practices vary somewhat from region to region depending on the local conditions and financial pressures.
A project between an oyster hatchery and a university is working on a selective-breeding program for silver- or gold-lip pearl oysters in Indonesia.
Without proper control of seafood handling and processing, high amino acid content and bacterial activity can rapidly elevate concentrations of biogenic amines like scombrotoxins.
Electron beam treatment can inactivate pathogens in foods. E-beams could be applied to fish as a pasteurization/sterilization step without changing product temperature.
In a challenge study of catfish families identified as resistant or susceptible to enteric septicemia (ESC), immune response was activated 24 hours earlier in resistant families and bacterial levels were suppressed.
Juvenile SPF Kona-line shrimp were injected with V. penaeicida, causing significant disease, but certain bacterial concentrations allow survival long enough for additional testing.
Technical literature varies in reporting the ability of vitamins to improve fish survival and resistance to disease following infection with pathogens.
RAS technology can be applied to shrimp culture. The author developed a small-scale prototype RAS for shrimp larval culture that successfully reared monodon nauplii to PL15.
U.S. trials indicated wild-caught pampano could be feed trained and spawned in captivity via hormonal induction. Observations of fecundity, egg fertilization rates, and spawning frequency suggested that quantities of pompano seedstock could be produced over time. Although survival during test