Institutions in China and the U.S. are establishing domesticated lines of Penaeus chinensis, a cold-tolerant species with additional positive production characteristics.
Most potential sites for future shrimp farming are located on the western coast of Madagascar, on large, flat, and relatively bare salt marshes called “tannes.”
Although research on catfish genetics began in the 1960s, applications of genetic improvement in aquaculture have lagged behind other animal industries.
No official data are available concerning the production of certified organic aquaculture products, but it is primarily from European countries.
Catfish producers and processors should actively begin the process of reconsidering production systems to drastically reduce costs and equitably share risks.
Taura Syndrome Virus has negatively affected Guatemala's shrimp-farming industry, reducing overall shrimp survival from 81 percent to 30 percent.
A number of studies have demonstrated the role of a temperature-mediated component in shrimp survival to infection by White Spot Syndrome Virus.
The Yellow Sea Fisheries Research Institute in Qingdao, China, is producing strains of fleshy shrimp with faster growth rates and higher disease resistance.
If selective breeding is done for several traits simultaneously, the selection response for each will be reduced, as compared to single-trait selection.
Genetic improvement will play a key role in the further development of the ongoing domestication of shrimp, important for the industry's long-term acceptance.