An alternative waste treatment is intense microbial processing of wastes to facilitate high yields with little or no water exchange.
A feeding trial evaluated five dietary protein sources on growth performance and phosphorus-retention efficiency in olive flounders.
Phospholipids and cholesterol are essential lipids for shrimp yet knowledge of dietary requirements during the juvenile stage is still limited.
Thai Royal Frozen Foods aimed to put all production steps under one roof, from receiving to cold storage, to improve efficiency and cost effectiveness.
Kuruma shrimp (Penaeus japonicus) are produced on a small scale. This species can tolerate transportation over long distances and without water.
The pH of shrimp pond water is influenced by source water, pH and acidity of bottom soil, shrimp culture inputs and biological activity.
Several studies now suggest the color of indoor aquaculture tanks should also be considered for improved animal health and performance in indoor systems.
The evolution of computers has led to the development of mathematical simulation models to help solve complex problems.
Maintaining the stability of shrimp feeds until consumption is a challenge as pellets lose dry matter due to leaching of soluble compounds.
RAS inputs and outputs are easily quantified, but even an efficient system will appear to have higher operating costs than a traditional pond.