Nitrogen and phosphorus are contained in aquaculture pond effluents, and these two nutrients can cause eutrophication of natural waters.
The hope is to help to dispel some of the myths and untruths surrounding the critical field of shrimp feeds and feeding practices.
In Prof. Boyd's first-ever article for the Advocate, he discusses how important environmental codes of practice are to aquaculture.
A zero-water-exchange strategy to produce shrimp reduces the effluents and sediments that would normally be released to the environment by a typical intensive shrimp farm.
The focus at Belize Aquaculture Ltd. was to use clean animals that perform well at high densities and in waters with high nutrient loads.
White Spot Syndrome Virus (WSSV) is a virulent pathogen that is threatening shrimp farming industries worldwide.
Circulation makes use of the very large amount of dissolved oxygen present on the pond's surface and distributes it down to the bottom.
With advanced bio-secure shrimp farming technologies, the industry will be able to expand with greater control against the spread of disease.
Conventional wisdom for farming white shrimp involves semi-intensive culture in large ponds, routine water exchange and reliance on wild broodstock.