Regulatory frameworks and financial incentives may be required to fully realize the benefits of integrated multi-trophic aquaculture systems.
Alejandro H. Buschmann
Integrated multi-trophic aquaculture involves cultivating fed species with extractive species that utilize inorganic and organic wastes for their growth.
For most mollusk resources, spat supply is not stable enough to sustain the growing industry. Competition for coastline space must also be considered.