As an alternative to pond production, U.S. scientists have developed bio-secure greenhouse-enclosed raceways for intensive shrimp production with limited water exchange.
Craig L. Browdy
Recent research by the authors evaluated strategies to reduce fishmeal and fish oil in diets for red drum by substituting terrestrial proteins and lipids while maintaining beneficial fatty acids with DHA supplements derived from marine algae.
Greenhouse raceways can be managed with zero to minimal water exchange, thus greatly reducing environmental impacts due to effluent discharge.
The aim of functional genomics on innate antiviral immunity in marine shrimp is to characterize the genes involved in the response to WSSV and other viruses.
An approach like HACCP, which integrates risk assessment, management and communication is necessary to minimize unintended consequences.