Expansion of the Bribie Island Research Centre allows agencies to tackle multidisciplinary research tasks to help the Australian aquaculture industry.
Traditionally, Australian farmers relied on wild broodstock to source black tiger shrimp larvae, but substantial progress has been made in the domestication and selective breeding of Australian P. monodon.
The production of early generations of domesticated broodstock in open-environment ponds may have hampered the domestication of black tiger shrimp.
Molecular markers can allow on-farm selection of high-performance families without the need to use costly alternatives such as separate rearing of families/ groups of families or tagging animals.
Using clear-water tank systems, CSIRO and a collaborating farm have advanced the domestication of black tiger stocks in Australia.
Experiences with newly domesticated shrimp species in Australia underscore the importance of understanding the species' biological requirements.
Recent advances in the genetic mapping of kuruma prawns (P. japonicus) have indicated that the female may be the heterogametic sex in this species.
Domestication and genetic improvement of the Kuruma prawn (Penaeus japonicus) have been relatively slow due to availability of broodstock and postlarvae.
Australia has a diverse and abundant fauna of local shrimp but only P. monodon, P. japonicus and P. merguiensis are farmed there.