Facing emerging viral problems and rising energy costs, the use of biofloc technology in biosecure systems offers an answer for sustainable shrimp aquaculture. The main attributes of biofloc systems in reducing disease risk include the fact that low water exchange
Although Bali is primarily a tourist destination, several small family-owned shrimp farms are located here. The Ndaru Luat Setio shrimp farm at Kubu raises specific pathogen-free Litopenaeus vannamei in ponds that apply basic biofloc technology with zero water exchange.
A large-scale integrated shrimp aquaculture park (iSHARP) project in Malaysia is approaching completion of its first phase. Biosecurity is a priority at iSHARP. The design of each unit allows individual modules or ponds to be “locked down” to prevent disease
Combining biofloc technology with bio-secure modular shrimp culture can make operations more sustainable and economically viable. For optimized biofloc production, lined ponds and reservoirs and high stocking densities are essential. Paddlewheel aerators keep dissolved-oxygen levels high.
Integrated shrimp farming is desirable due to its ability to provide food safety and traceability. Production planning is the most essential exercise in integrated systems.
Blue Archipelago’s re-engineering of a large shrimp farm to a modular, biosecure facility set a benchmark for future shrimp culture projects in Malaysia.
With the global spread of viruses, biosecurity has become an essential element of every shrimp farm. Biosecurity starts with quality of farm design.
Biofloc technology provides high productivity, low feed-conversion ratios and a stable culture environment. Also, with viral problems and rising costs for energy, biofloc technology can help deliver sustainable production at lower cost.
In a study in Indonesia, increases in efficiency in power use resulted from the combined application of biofloc technology and partial harvest.