Studies in Brazil over the last five years addressed the challenges facing commercial producers of the important, air-breathing, freshwater fish pirarucu in order to support and expand production.
With their fast growth and ample light-flavored flesh, pirarucu present great potential. Industry growth is hampered by limited technology and management of domestication practices. Also, current commercial diets are typically not fully suited to the nutritional needs of pirarucu.
The aquaculture industry in Brazil is moving toward further expansion with the support of the federal government. A key strategy of the More Fishing and Aquaculture plan is the development of aquaculture in federal waters. The plan promotes sustainable development
Arapaima, also known as pirarucu or paiche, offers appealing flesh color and texture, low fat content and high levels of protein and fatty acids.
Many fish species that live in the Amazon basin have great potential for aquaculture. The main species currently cultured in the region is tambaqui, a fast-growing, omnivorous fish that tolerates poor water quality.
The pirarucu is a promising species for tropical aquaculture due to its market value and good performance under intensive culture.