Article image for Estimating heritability of ammonia tolerance in Pacific white shrimp

Health & Welfare

Estimating heritability of ammonia tolerance in Pacific white shrimp

This study estimated the heritability of ammonia tolerance in Pacific white juveniles. Results suggest that rapid genetic gains could be obtained. 

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Article image for Salinity in aquaculture, Part 2

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Salinity in aquaculture, Part 2

Prof. Boyd on how to measure salinity in aquaculture, examining electrical conductivity (specific conductance), density, chlorinity and refractive index. 

Article image for Salinity in aquaculture, Part 1

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Salinity in aquaculture, Part 1

Prof. Boyd discusses the various definitions of salinity as an environmental factor of importance which, in aquaculture settings, can be easily measured. 

Article image for The importance of water analysis in aquaculture

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The importance of water analysis in aquaculture

Proper monitoring of water quality in aquaculture production systems is critical to enable appropriate and timely management decisions. It requires reliable equipment, trained technicians that follow instructions and apply quality control measures, proper reagents and calibrated equipment, and appropriately collected water samples that are promptly analyzed. 

Article image for Water composition: Dissolved inorganic solids

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Water composition: Dissolved inorganic solids

A few anions and cations, and un-dissociated silicic acid represent the largest fraction of dissolved inorganic solids in water. The total concentration of ions is called the salinity. The total dissolved-solids concentration usually is roughly equal to salinity in freshwater. Unlike seawater, freshwater varies greatly in salinity and proportions of individual ions. Calcium and bicarbonate are dominant ions in river water, but sodium and chloride are dominant in seawater. Water contains many other inorganic substances, as well as many trace elements. 

Article image for TAN, other water quality factors affect nitrification rates in biofilters

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TAN, other water quality factors affect nitrification rates in biofilters

An important criterion when studying biofilters is the conversion rate of total ammonia nitrogen (TAN) to nitrate-nitrogen in production water. Although nitrification rates have been based on media surface areas, they do not always reflect the actual nitrification achieved. Volumetric TAN conversion rate is a direct measure based on filter volume. 

Article image for Low-salinity culture water controls Vibrios in shrimp postlarvae

Health & Welfare

Low-salinity culture water controls Vibrios in shrimp postlarvae

In a survey of Vibrio concentrations in white shrimp postlarvae at two inland farms, hatchery postlarvae were acclimated in water with salinity reduced from 30 and 5 ppt to 2 ppt at the farms. One farm stocked postlarvae in nursery ponds, and the other stocked directly into grow-out ponds. 

Article image for Salinity tolerance of Gulf corvina, prospective aquaculture species

Health & Welfare

Salinity tolerance of Gulf corvina, prospective aquaculture species

After six weeks of experimental culture, comparable growth and survival were recorded in juvenile Gulf corvina raised at salinities of 5, 15, 25 or 35 ppt. Coupled with stable plasma osmolality values observed in fish at the varied salinities, these results confirmed the euryhaline nature of this species, a trait that could enhance its status as a candidate for aquaculture. 

Article image for Ammonia toxicity degrades animal health, growth

Health & Welfare

Ammonia toxicity degrades animal health, growth

Ammonia nitrogen occurs in aquaculture systems as a waste product of protein metabolism by aquatic animals and degradation of organic matter, or in nitrogen fertilizers. Exposure can reduce growth and increase susceptibility to diseases in aquatic species. 

Article image for Larval rearing of sea bass in desert-saline Middle East

Health & Welfare

Larval rearing of sea bass in desert-saline Middle East

European sea bass have been raised in the favorable climate of the Middle East since 2000. For effective larval rearing of sea bass, the authors recommend the use of temperature-controlled water with about 35 ppt salinity and good aeration in tanks. 

Article image for Improving salinity tolerance in tilapia

Health & Welfare

Improving salinity tolerance in tilapia

Salinity tolerance in tilapia can be improved by optimizing acclimation protocols, adding salt to the diet or hybridization between fast-growing and salt-tolerant species. 

Article image for High nitrate levels toxic to shrimp

Health & Welfare

High nitrate levels toxic to shrimp

Shrimp exposed to high concentrations of nitrate exhibit shorter antennae, gill abnormalities and hepatopancreas lesions. Nitrate toxicity is more of an issue for shrimp raised in lower-salinity waters. 

Article image for Pangasius juveniles tolerate moderate salinity in test

Health & Welfare

Pangasius juveniles tolerate moderate salinity in test

The ability to culture pangasius in the low-salinity waters typical of coastal shrimp ponds in tidal zones would permit shrimp farmers to culture an additional species of economic importance and aid in diversifying the commercial aquaculture production of these areas.