News features and technical articles about the evolution of aquaculture, one of the world’s fastest growing industries.



Reactions between pond bottom soil, water

Alkalinity and acidity in pond water and soil interact and can result in unhealthy culture conditions. Ion exchange occurs between soil and water until an equilibrium is reached. 

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Pond bottom soil analyses

Limit pond soil analyses to soil particle size for use in pond construction decisions, initial analysis of total sulfur, occasional analyses of total nitrogen, and routine analyses of pH and soil organic carbon.