Indian shrimp hatcheries have experienced larval mortality in the zoea-2 stage, with molt deterioration and resulting in heavy mortality. Authors considered biotic and abiotic factors. Part 2 describes results of their study.
Since Taura syndrome virus was in the Americas when yellow head virus become pandemic in Asia, it is possible TSV prevented shrimp in the Western Hemisphere from infection by materials from Asia containing YHV. To test this idea, the authors
To determine origins of White Spot Syndrome Virus and Taura Syndrome Virus in Saudi Arabia, authors performed genotyping studies and found a new genotype in each of the isolates collected.
Key to avoiding the cyclical rise and fall of production and prices is the move toward controlled reproduction of shrimp to perform within the structure chosen, whether that is disease coping or disease avoidance.
The authors have established a procedure to reduce the impacts of Taura Syndrome Virus in the culture of Pacific white shrimp. The procedure focuses on avoiding the molting process of shrimp by limiting culture conditions.
In response to Taura Syndrome Virus outbreaks, the U.S. Marine Shrimp Farming Program initiated a selective-breeding program to improve resistance in Pacific white shrimp.
In an NHP (necrotizing hepatopancreatitis) challenge test, shrimp from a Colombian breeding program had higher resistance and 30 percent greater survival than a control line of Taura syndrome virus-free shrimp.
Although still being refined, the IMNV challenge method developed at the University of Arizona has shown promise as a tool to measure resistance in selected family lines of L. vannamei.