Function and regulation of the turbot's circadian timing system are assessed at the molecular and behavioral levels to optimize welfare and production.
In a study, corn gluten meal exerted negative effects on the intestinal health on turbot, including the induction of enteritis in the distal intestine tissue.
Biological filters are essential parts of recirculating aquaculture systems that transform toxic fish compounds such as ammonium and nitrite into less-harmful nitrate. The authors tested the convenience and efficiency of three methods for the initial inoculation of aerobic biofilters.
Turbot are typically fed diets containing 45 to 65 percent fishmeal. In a study that gave turbot feed with 40 percent soy protein concentrate, the fish had decent growth and excellent survival.
The development of land-based, hyperintensive farming systems for fish and shellfish production could quickly expand in industrialized countries.