News features and technical articles about the evolution of aquaculture, one of the world’s fastest growing industries.

Vibrio parahaemolyticus

Health & Welfare

Cost-effective biosecurity crucial for shrimp farming

Many shrimp producers give only perfunctory attention to routine biosecurity at hatcheries and farms. A cost-effective biosecurity program for farmed shrimp requires reliable diagnostic tools to make timely decisions to control or exclude pathogens. 

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Health & Welfare

Four AHPND strains identified on Latin American shrimp farms

Two virulence genes are known to encode a binary photorhabdus insect-related toxin that causes acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease in shrimp. The pathogenicities of these V. campbellii strains were evaluated through laboratory infection and subsequent histological examination in P. vannamei shrimp. 

Intelligence

As ocean temperatures rise, so too will vibrio outbreaks

A study using a half-century of data has linked climate change and warming sea temperatures with an increase in illnesses from the common vibrio bacteria. Shellfish growers, fighting a particularly virulent strain of Vibrio parahaemolyticus, are changing their harvest protocols. 

Health & Welfare

Low-salinity culture water controls Vibrios in shrimp postlarvae

In a survey of Vibrio concentrations in white shrimp postlarvae at two inland farms, hatchery postlarvae were acclimated in water with salinity reduced from 30 and 5 ppt to 2 ppt at the farms. One farm stocked postlarvae in nursery 

Health & Welfare

Polymerase chain reaction: How useful is it?

Polymerase chain reaction testing is a powerful tool that can detect very low levels of pathogens, but its ability to screen and produce results that represent the population is often oversimplified. Screening of the wrong tissues or too few animals 

Health & Welfare

Do current shrimp practices favor EMS?

After refilling ponds, surviving microorganisms – including Vibrio parahaemolyticus, which causes EMS in shrimp – may benefit from the availability of nutrients in sediment and water and lack of competing microorganisms. 

Health & Welfare

Development of 1-monoglycerides against AHPND

1-monoglycerides are known for their antibacterial and antiviral effects in the human pharmaceutical and animal husbandry industries. As a substitution for the preventive use of antibiotics, these molecules are being evaluated in the fight against AHPND.