In general, water temperature cannot be controlled, so aquaculture operations must be timed to correspond to temperature. Measurements are critical for efficient operations.
This study compared water temperature and water loss by evaporation in control ponds and in ponds aerated with surface aerators at four different aeration rates. Increased aeration rate increases the evaporation rate, which in turn lowers water temperature.
A five-year study in Canada aims to provide more answers about warmer waters with lower oxygen levels and a way for farmed fish producers to adapt to climate change.