Indian shrimp hatcheries have experienced larval mortality in the zoea-2 stage, with molt deterioration and resulting in heavy mortality. Authors considered biotic and abiotic factors. Part 2 describes results of their study.
The impact of diseases led some Asian shrimp farming countries to develop biofloc and recirculation aquaculture system (RAS) production technologies. Treating incoming water for culture operations and wastewater treatment are biosecurity measures for disease prevention and control.
Since Taura syndrome virus was in the Americas when yellow head virus become pandemic in Asia, it is possible TSV prevented shrimp in the Western Hemisphere from infection by materials from Asia containing YHV. To test this idea, the authors